The British Antarctic Survey is seeking a highly motivated Experienced Researcher (ER) in Biological Sciences to join the EU-FP7 Marie Curie CACHE project (Calcium in a CHanging Environment – http://www.cache-itn.eu/) to determine the impacts of climate change on the European shellfish industry. Your role will be to: Collate, critically appraise and produce a synthesis of data derived from various sources on the resilience and adaptability of cultured bivalves to climate change; Make predictions about how the industry could best adapt to climate change and the broader ecological consequences of such adaptations and;. Develop statistical models to predict the economic and ecological impacts of climate change to the industry. You will need to exhibit excellent communication and numeracy skills, must be prepared to travel widely within Europe and be able to produce comprehensive papers/reports within strict deadlines.
It’s Friday, 11:45 am, and in the atrium of the Interdisciplinary Research Building at USF students & faculty with coffee mugs begin to appear and gather around for a new USF Reclaim social: “Tea Time.” Recent USF PhD graduate and “Tea Time” initiator, Dr. Matt Verbyla provides an assortment of tea bags and electric kettles are set-up for a hot cup of tea. These 15-20 minutes in the atrium have become an open space and a welcomed break for our USF Reclaim research team. “Tea Time” provides a time to gather and catch up with peers in our department, provide insight on each other’s research, encourage one another, and brainstorm ways that we can continue to #Reclaim! Afterwards, we all head over to the Environmental and Water Resources Engineering Seminar where every week we have a guest speaker that covers a topic relevant to a global challenge and how they are uniquely contributing to solving it. Check out the seminar schedule here.
The “Tea Time” idea was well received by students and faculty. Dr. Jeffrey Cunningham especially encourages USF graduate students “Tea Time” and recalls that as a graduate student at Stanford University he would also have a similar tradition that he says “helped to foster a valuable esprit de corps.”
“Building a strong network and community among our graduate students helps everybody in a number of ways. It helps you now because you learn from your peers and you know whom to ask when you have questions; it helps you later because you will have a professional network of your fellow graduates from our program; and it just makes life more enjoyable when you feel that you are part of a community, rather than working in isolation… We have a very strong faculty and a very strong group of students here at USF, and I am very proud of our program, but I do believe that our program can be made even stronger by building these traditions and culture. “– Dr. Cunningham
Check out our USF Reclaim Tea Time video here: https://youtu.be/skvEa5eNJiY
Do you have a “Tea Time” break at your school, university, or workplace? We’d like to see them! Share your pictures on our FB page of your “Tea Time” break, and how you are building a culture that encourages a sense of community, support, and new ideas for innovations and solutions to our present environmental challenges. As always, remember: There is no such thing as waste. Everything can be #Reclaimed!
The energy demand associated with provision of sufficient and safe water is a real issue for water managers. Water and wastewater treatment and transport can account for up to 44% of a city’s municipal energy cost. Some have also reported that with population growth, urbanization, and stricter water quality standards, the energy associated with water and wastewater management may increase by an additional 20% by 2023.
The estimated carbon footprint associated with RO desalination ranges from 0.4 to 6.7 kg CO2eq/m3 (of water produced), whereas water reuse systems range from 0.1 to 2.4 kg CO2eq/m3. Ranges are primarily because of several study differences: geographical location, technology, life cycle stages considered, and estimation methodologies. For example, location not only impacts the quality of a source but also the distance to transport reclaimed water. Furthermore, regional energy grids differ in their carbon intensity.
RO technologies have lower CO2 emissions than thermal desalination technologies and the carbon footprint of seawater RO desalination (0.4–6.7 kg CO2eq/m3) was generally greater than brackish water RO desalination (0.4–2.5 kg CO2eq/m3) and water reuse systems (0.1–2.4 kg CO2eq/m3). Brackish water desalination also yielded a lower carbon footprint (0.4-2.5 kg CO2eq/m3) compared to seawater desalination (0.4-6.7 kg CO2eq/m3). Furthermore, the carbon footprint of RO systems with membrane pretreatment (e.g. ultrafiltration) (0.4-4.0 kg CO2eq/m3) is generally higher than RO systems with conventional pretreatment (e.g. granular media filtration) (2.3-2.5 kg CO2eq/m3) for seawater desalination.
Our study identified and critically reviewed 16 tools that can estimate carbon emissions from water reuse and desalination facilities. We compared the simplest tool that requires minimal data inputs (e.g. electricity consumption, electricity mix) to a more sophisticated tool that had greater input requirements (e.g. material production, chemical usage, fuel usage, electricity consumption, electricity mix). We then applied both tools to estimating the carbon footprint of a 26.1 MGD facility used for: 1) seawater desalination, 2) brackish groundwater desalination, and 3) water reuse. Results showed the estimated carbon footprint from the simpler tool accounted for 55–58% of the more data-intensive estimation tool. This difference demonstrates the simpler tool underestimates life cycle impacts that are included in the more comprehensive tool.
The paper is available here:
Learn more about the research and demonstrations related to water and wastewater management:&
James Mihelcic can be followed on Twitter,
This blog post was originally published on IWA Water Wiki on May 15, 2015.
For those of you who are in the Tampa Bay area, we would like to invite you to join us to welcome Dr. Warren Washington of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) to the College of Marine Science, on Friday, November 20th. Dr. Washington is an internationally recognized atmospheric scientist, a former chair of the National Science Board, and chair of the Committee to Advise the U.S. Global Change Research Program. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and National Academy of Science. In 2010, Dr. Washington,, was awarded the National Medal of Science by President Barack Obama, the nation’s highest science award for his lifetime contributions to global climate change research and his service in support of a diverse STEM workforce.
Dr. Washington’s Research Seminar
“My Journey as a Climate Modeler and How the Earth’s Climate is Likely to Change”
3:30 pm to 4:30 pm
USF College of Marine Science, MSL Conference Room, 1st floor
Dr. Warren Washington is a Senior Scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). He holds a B.S. in Physics and M.S. in Meteorology from Oregon State University, and Ph.D. in Meteorology from Penn State University. Dr. Washington became one of the first developers of groundbreaking atmospheric computer models in collaboration with Akira Kasahara when he came to NCAR in the early 1960s. These models, use fundamental laws of physics to predict future states of the atmosphere, have helped scientists understand climate change. Washington worked to incorporate the oceans and sea ice into climate models. Such models now include components that depict surface hydrology and vegetation as well as the atmosphere, oceans, and sea ice.
He has more than 150 publications and an autobiography, Odyssey in Climate Modeling, Global Warming, and Advising Five Presidents. An Introduction to Three‐Dimensional Climate Modeling, written by Washington and Claire Parkinson in 1986 and updated in 2005, is a standard reference in the field. Washington has engaged in research for over 50 years, and has given advice, testimony, and lectures on global climate change. Dr. Washington is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the American Philosophical Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and is past president of the American Meteorological Society.
As the second African‐American to earn a doctorate in the atmospheric sciences, Washington has served as a role model for generations of young researchers from many backgrounds. He has mentored dozens of graduate students and undergraduates. In 2010, he was awarded the National Medal of Science by President Barack Obama, the nation’s highest science award “for his development and use of global climate models to understand climate and explain the role of human activities and natural processes in the Earth’s climate system and for his work to support a diverse science and engineering workforce.”
Today at 12:30 pm - Flint Water Study Updates at USF College of Engineering fb.me/1R8fwUxsI
Maya Trotz talking about Hurricanes & USF Caribbean Relief Efforts - WASH. Join us! fb.me/2nnZoI5wz